UPDATE-Will Musharraf’s resignation bring stability to Pakistan?

August 18, 2008

PPP supporters dancing in the streets/Athar HussainUPDATE – President Pervez Musharraf’s resignation has been greeted with jubilation from supporters of the ruling PML-N and PPP parties (see picture right), and sparked a rally in the stock market. But reading through the comments on this and other blogs, I can’t see any clear theme emerging, with some praising and others condemning Musharraf’s legacy, some regretting and others welcoming his departure, and many fretting about the future.

I rather liked this comment on All Things Pakistan which seemed to sum up the many contradictions of people struggling to work out how to rally around a common cause:

“We celebrate on arrival and departure of the same person.
We praise those who left the scene.
Dead become heroes and living and serving are being accused.”

India, meanwhile, has been muted in its response. But Indian analysts who once derided Musharraf as the architect of the 1999 Kargil war are now fretting that his departure could unleash fresh tensions from Kashmir to Kabul if it is allowed to create a vacuum which can be exploited by Islamist militants.

PPP supporter fires in the air to celebrate Musharraf’s resignationThere is much speculation too about what Musharraf will do next, and where he will go.  Some have read his feisty resignation speech — a long defence of his legacy — as evidence that he might eventually try to re-enter politics; others see in his final “Goodbye Pakistan” remarks , a sign he is preparing to leave the country. The United States, Saudi Arabia, Britain and Turkey have all been touted as possible destinations. (You can see some of the stories on his likely next home here, here and here.)

In the end, Musharraf has turned out to be as unpredictable in his departure as he was throughout his career both in the army and in politics. Looking through his memoirs, “In the Line of Fire”, for clues to his next move, I was struck by the following quote from another former general which Musharraf cites as a maxim in his own life:

“Napoleon said that two-thirds of decision making is based on study, analysis, calculations, facts, and figures, but the other third is always a leap in the dark, based on one’s gut.”

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President Pervez Musharraf/April file photoPresident Pervez Musharraf announced his resignation, ending months of speculation about the fate of the former army general after his political allies were trounced in an election in February.

But even before he said he would step down, analysts were already beginning to look to the challenges of a post-Musharraf era — spiralling inflation, food and fuel shortages; al Qaeda and Taliban militants on its border with Afghanistan; political in-fighting among the civilian politicians who took power in February. (You can see my last post on this here.)

So will Musharraf’s resignation help bring stability to Pakistan? Or are the problems faced by Pakistan — sandwiched between a turbulent Afghanistan and a resurgent India, both of which blame it for failing to curb Islamist militancy — too great?

How much will the three countries with the closest ties to Pakistan — China, Saudi Arabia and the United States — help or interfere? And what of the main domestic players in the unfolding drama: the judiciary, the civilian government and the Pakistan Army?

   

8 comments

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yes bring the stability but for short term basis. the unrealistic unnatural coalition will create the crisis later because of thier vast interest.

Posted by hussain | Report as abusive

Musharaf’s resignation was much anticipated by the countries political, economic and social groups. But would it bring stability to the country – I do not think so. He has passed on tremendous pressure on the newly elected government, which has yet to win the confidence of the people in its 6 months performance. Its anyone’s guess at the moment, what will bring stability or a clear direction to our leaders.

Another Mohajir bites the dust in Punjabistan. Sindhi Zardari didn’t want him to go, but, Punjabi Sharif made sure he did.

Posted by RS | Report as abusive

History of Impeachment
The news items regarding impeachment of Pakistani President Musharraf are gaining time and space in global media daily. In this regard, a charge sheet containing offences committed by military general turned president Musharraf during his long tenure is likely to be forwarded in parliament next week by the ruling coalition leaders, Asif Ali Zardari and Nawaz Sharif. The initiative of Impeachment decision is taken at a time when Pakistan is passing through complex and worst kind of political, economic and security crisis.
Let’s have a look how impeachment proceedings started in political history of nations and how many government officials worldwide were convicted due to which reasons.
Britain
Impeachment is a British invention that started from England in the 14th century.
Warren Hastings: The impeachment (1787) and trial (1788-95) of Warren Hastings was among the last of the English cases. Warren Hastings was a British colonial administrator & governor-general in India. He worked for the English East India Company from 1750. In 1786 Edmund Burke introduced an impeachment process against him on charges of corruption; after a trial that lasted from 1788 to 1795, Hastings was acquitted. However, impeachment has not been used for over two hundred years (the last impeachment trial was of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville in 1806).
Henry Dundas was a British political figure and a member of the India Board of Control. As its president in 1785, he was accused of abusing his powers of patronage by promoting sons of the Scottish gentry to lucrative colonial positions.
Tony Blair: Tony Blair Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2 May 1997 to 27 June 2007 from Labour Party. On 25 August 2004, Plaid Cymru MP Adam Price announced his intention to move for the impeachment of Tony Blair for his role in involving Britain in the 2003 invasion of Iraq under allegedly false justification. In response Peter Hain, the Commons Leader, insisted that impeachment was obsolete, given modern government’s responsibility to parliament.
In 2006, General Sir Michael Rose revived the call for the impeachment of the United Kingdom’s Prime Minister, Tony Blair.
USA
US Congress regards impeachment as a power to be used only in extreme cases. There have been 16 impeachments tried by the Senate and seven convictions. The House has initiated impeachment proceedings only 62 times since 1789 (most recently President Bill Clinton), and only the following 16 federal officers have been impeached.
Three of the best-known cases, which did not result in conviction, were those of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase, President Andrew Johnson, and President Bill Clinton.
Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States from April 15, 1865 – March 4, 1869 was impeached in 1868 after violating the then-newly created Tenure of Office Act. President Johnson was acquitted of all charges by a single vote in the Senate.
Richard Nixon 37th president of USA from January 20, 1969 – August 9, 1974. In 1974 the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives voted to bring impeachment charges against President Richard Nixon due to Watergate scandal, but Nixon resigned before the House took action.
Bill Clinton, 42nd President of the United States from January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2000, the third-youngest president, was impeached on December 19, 1998 by the House of Representatives on grounds of perjury to a grand jury and obstruction of justice. President Clinton was acquitted of the obstruction charge by a 50 to 50 vote in the Senate.
William W. Belknap 30th United States Secretary of War (September 22, 1829 – October 13, 1890) was a Army general, government administrator, and United States Secretary of War. He is the only Cabinet secretary ever to have been impeached by the United States House of Representatives for allegedly having received money in return for post tradership appointments. He resigned before his trial, and was later acquitted.
William Blount was a United States statesman and Democratic-Republican Senator from Tennessee (1796–1797). He was the first U.S. Senator to be expelled from the Senate and the only Senator expelled outside of the Civil War.
Associate Justice Samuel Chase Samuel Chase (April 17, 1741 – June 19, 1811) was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court and was impeached in 1804 for allegedly letting his partisan leanings affect his court decisions. Chase was acquitted.
Twelve other federal judges including Alcee Hastings a lawyer and judge in Florida and a member of the House of Representatives since 1993. In 1988, he was impeached was impeached and convicted for taking over $150,000 in bribe money in exchange for sentencing leniency and removed from office for corruption and perjury. He is only the sixth federal judge to be impeached and removed from office in American history.
Dick Cheney, the Vice President of the United States: Dennis Kucinich introduced articles for the impeachment against Dick Cheney, 46th and current Vice President of the United. He charges Cheney with manipulating the evidence of Iraq’s weapons program, deceiving the nation about Iraq’s connection to al-Qaeda, and threatening aggression against Iran in violation of the United Nations charter
George Bush: Dennis Kucinich, also brought proceedings to impeach George Bush, the forty-third and current President of the United States for orchestrating the invasion of Iraq. On July 10, 2008, Kucinich introduced one article of impeachment against President George W. Bush for misleading Congress into war.
It is highly noteworthy that polls in 2007 have shown public support ranging between 39% and 45% in favor of impeaching Bush, and between 46% and 55% opposed. The House of Representatives Judiciary Committee has not considered the impeachment of President Bush, and the House of Representatives has taken no action to do so. The Democratic Party leadership has indicated that they have no intention of resolving to impeach him.
Russia
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin was the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.In 1995-1999, the Duma made several attempts to impeach then President Boris Yeltsin due to launching war in Chechnya, ordering shelling parliament in 1993, ruining the armed forces, waging genocide against Russian people through economic policies, but Communist opponents never had a sufficient amount of votes for the process to reach the Federation Council. President Yeltsin has easily survived an attempt by Communist opponents in the lower house of the Russian parliament to unseat him.
Brazil: Fernando Collor de Mello, president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992 was impeached in 1992on the ground for confiscating money from bank accounts from the people and froze their savings accounts. This was viewed by many Brazilians as violation of their civil rights. Congress rejected his resignation letter when he resigned to avoid being impeached.
India: No Indian President has faced impeachment proceedings. Hence, the provisions for impeachment have never been tested.
Iran: Abolhassan Banisadr, was the first President of Iran, following the 1979 Iranian Revolution and the abolition of the monarchy. Banisadr was impeached on June 21, 1981 by the Majlis (the Iranian Parliament), allegedly because of his moves against the clerics in power specifically Mohammad Beheshti, the head of the judicial system at the time and removed from office. Banisadr fled to France and lives in Versailles, near Paris, in a villa closely guarded by French police.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abolhassan_ Banisadr
Romania: President Traian B?sescu is the current President of Romania, inaugurated on December 20, 2004 and former Merchant Navy officer. He was recently impeached by the Parliament. A referendum was held on May 19, 2007. A large majority of the electorate voted against removing the president from office. B?sescu is the first president in the history of Romania who has been officially suspended.

Venezuela : Andrés Pérez Rodríguez was 55th President of Venezuela from 1974 to 1979 and again from 1989 to 1993. He was the first Venezuelan president to be forced out of the office on May 20, 1993 by the Supreme Court, for the misappropriation of 250 million bolivars belonging to a presidential discretionary fund.
Lithuania : Rolandas Paksas is a well known politician in Lithuania and currently heads the Liberal Democrats Party in Lithuania. Paksas was convicted in 2005 by a District Court of Vilnius for disclosing classified information (state secrets) during his time in office as a president of the Republic. He is the first European head of state to have been impeached.
Later on, the Supreme Court, on December 13, 2005, acquitted Paksas and overturned the verdict of the District Court.
Paksas and his party are currently looking for ways to annul the Constitutional Court’s ruling since it prevents him from holding major public office again.
Pakistan
Two giant powerbrokers Asif Ali Zardari and Nawaz Sharif are in efforts to collect ammunition for the impeachment of President Pervez Musharraf on the ground that he “eroded the trust of the nation”. The Pakistan Supreme Court has previously declared the Yahya Khan and Zia ul-Haq dictatorships illegal. On both occasions, however, the decisions occurred after the two men had relinquished power.
Political gains might be behind the impeachment drama but it would be a step farther towards establishing the rule of law in Pakistan that is ruled by military generals more than three times in its total life span.

Researched and written by:
Mohammad Arif
Freelance Content Producer
Islamabad. Ph no:03215209941
medions@gmail.com
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Posted by Mohammad Arif | Report as abusive

Again, Pakistan has lost its Wonderfull LeaderShip with no second hand.

First Liaquat Ali Khan
Second Fitima Jinnah
Third Ayub Khan
Then Pervez Musharaf.

People of Pakistan now cleary seems as enemies of their ownself.

It is said that History Repeat ItSelf. Now we have to see that how worse the situation in pakistan will be in upcoming months.

Now It Seem Completely Unstable..

Unfortunetly, People of Pakistan could never decide the flavor of their own democracy.

Posted by Nizar Mirza | Report as abusive

The greate thing he did is to open the Media in pakistan who have made their roots very strong during president Government.

The Great thing he did that he distroy the roots of Terrorism.

May Allah Bless this country with save hand and make people to understand their leadership.

Only Revival can change Pakistan.

Sab Se Pehle Pakistan.

Pakistan Zinda Bad, Pakistan Military Zindabad.

Posted by Nizar Mirza | Report as abusive

I WANDER HOW WE SUPPORTED THE PRESIDENCY OF THIS CORRUPT PRESIDENT PARVEZ MUSHARRAF. THIS IS THE LAGACY OF PRESIDENT GEORGE BUSH… AND OLD MAN JOHN McCAIN IS INDEED WAS SUPPORTING THE “NOW TO BE” FORMER PRESIDENT P. MUSHARRAF.
THIS PROCESS IS CALLED BY JOHN McCAIN, AS GOOD FOREIGN POLITICAL JUDGEMENT.
JOHN McCAIN WAS WRONG ON AFGHANISTAN, WRONG ON IRAQ, WRONG ON IRAN, WRONG ON NORTH KOREA, WRONG ON GEORGIA. NOW THE QUESTION IS “DOES JOHN McCAIN HAS ANY GOOD JUDGEMENT” TO BECOME THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF ?
A REPUBLICAN FROM JUNO BEACH, FLORIDA.

Posted by JOHN DEAN, A REPUBLICAN FROM FLORIDA | Report as abusive

There is just too much speculation about what Musharraf will do next, and where he will go.