What we don’t know about Qatar and what we don’t know about key Senate races
1. Inside Qatar: Ā the terroristsā benefactor and Americaās friend
As the war in Gaza continues, we keep hearing that one pipeline for negotiations with Hamas goes through Qatar, the tiny, oil-rich kingdom in the Gulf that has friendly relations with Hamas. In fact, Qatar hosts the leaders of Hamas and provides financial support.
According to the online Times of Israel, āQatar continues to fund the movementās terror apparatus abroad, enabling tunnel digging and rocket launching.ā
The United States, like Israel, has branded Hamas a terrorist group and, over the weekend, stepped up its criticism of the Qatarisā support of Hamas. Yet Washington maintains friendly relations with Qatar. The bond is so tight that the largest U.S. military base in the region is there.
Itās through Qatar that the United States negotiated with the Taliban for the freedom of Army Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl. Qatar was the go-between for the release of five high-value Taliban officers, who were being held captive at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, in exchange for Bergdahl.
The freed Taliban fighters are now living in, yes, Qatar, where the Talibanās leaders maintain an office and homes under Qatari protection.
We also know that Qatar has the highest per capita wealth of any country in the world, and it owns and finances Al Jazeera.
All of which should make us want to know a lot more.
What are the dynamics of the U.S. relationship with Qatar? How does that square with President George W. Bushās famous proclamation in the aftermath of the Sept. 11 attacks — that countries which support or harbor terrorists will be treated like terrorists?
How does the Obama administration calibrate the value of having a pipeline to our enemies, not to mention a huge military installation in the middle of the worldās prime hotspot, against the inconsistency of maintaining such a friendly relationship with our enemiesā benefactors?
Why do the Qataris support these Islamic groups? Is it a way to buy peace and protection from them — at the same time that allowing the giant U.S. military presence hedges that bet?
Do we try to exert pressure on them to cut off financing to our enemies, or do we look the other way?
Susan Ziadeh, a career Foreign Service officer, is U.S. ambassador to Qatar. It would be great to see a profile of her and, better yet, get an on-the-ground account of how she navigates all these issues.
Is she involved in the Hamas negotiations? Does she ever deal directly, or even sit in the same room, with people from Hamas or the Taliban?
How does the Qatari legal system work?
Wikepedia says it āis a mixture of civil law and Islamic law. Shari’a (Islamic law) is one of the sources of Qatari legislation, and is applied to aspects of family law, inheritance and certain criminal acts.ā
Is that true? What does that mean in practice?
This report in the New York Times last week about an American couple being held in the country on charges of endangering their child raises all kinds of questions about justice in Qatar.
More generally, whatās life like for the average citizen in the worldās richest country?
Which Western companies have major business interests there? How do they assess the risk that their governments might ultimately have to get tougher with their hosts?
Qatarās intriguing and increasingly outsized role in the world begs for what would be all kinds of fascinating coverage.
2. Going deeper into the pivotal Senate elections:
Punditry abounds around the one or two dozen (depending on the pundit) critical elections that will determine whether the Republicans capture control of the Ā Senate this November. Some reporting has provided smart analysis of which races appear likely to turn one way or the other, providing win-loss combinations that lead or do not lead to a GOP takeover.
What weāre still not seeing enough of, however, is reporting that does more than recap the latest polls and describe the candidatesā most recent attack ads. By now, I would have expected to see some great pieces from journalists on the ground, telling us not just what the voters in Alaska or North Carolina are seeing on television and hearing from the candidates but also what they are thinking and how theyāre reacting.
We know that many Democrats are trying to distance themselves from their unpopular president. Is it working? How much do voters care if a candidate they voted for in past, such as Senator Mary Landrieu (D-La.), is in the same party as President Barack Obama?
National polls continue to show that more people disapprove than approve of Obamacare. But how is that playing in Kentucky, where the state-branded version of Obamacare, called Kynect, was so successfully launched that more than 10 percent of Kentuckians now have health insurance because of Obamacare that they did not have before?
How does that compare with the sentiment in Arkansas, which didnāt set up its own exchange and Obamacare did not enroll as many people proportionately?
Are womenās issues likely to end up helping the Democrats as much as predicted in the battleground states? How are new restrictions on voting in some states shaping up as factors?
Have the Republicans erased the gap in data analytics that seemed to help the Democrats so much in 2012? As a result, are their Senate candidatesā messages and get-out-the-vote efforts now as targeted as their opponents?
Which new candidates are breaking out of the pack and proving to be the most effective on the stump? Which ones are emerging as duds?
PHOTO (TOP): Secretary of State John Kerry (R) walks with Qatari Crown Prince Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani at the Sea Palace in Doha, June 22, 2013. REUTERS/Jacquelyn Martin/Pool
PHOTO (INSERT 1): Secretary of State John Kerry speaks with Qatar’s Foreign Minister Khalid al-Attiyah (L) before the opening session of the Syrian Donors Conference at Bayan Palace in Kuwait City, January 15, 2014. REUTERS/Pablo Martinez Monsivais/Pool
PHOTO (INSERT 2): Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) speaks at the Faith & Freedom Coalition reception in Washington, June 19, 2014. REUTERS/Yuri Gripas